PERMANENT POLITICAL PARTY ORGANIZATION IN TEXAS *
The first level in the framework of the party organization is the election precinct, supervised by the Precinct Chair, who serves as a member of the County Executive Committee and is elected every two years by a majority of the qualified election precinct voters in the party primary election. The election precinct is the smallest unit of the party organization, often referred to as “the grassroots” level. Any qualified voter in the precinct may become a candidate for Precinct Chair by filing the appropriate application with the party’s County Chair during a designated period preceding the election. The party office of Precinct Chair is a non-salaried position.
The second level in the framework of the party organization is the County Executive Committee, composed of all the elected or appointed Precinct Chairs and the County Chair, who is elected every two years by a majority of the qualified county voters in the party primary election. A qualified voter of the county may become a candidate for County Chair by filing the appropriate application with the party’s County Chair during a designated period preceding the election. The party office of County Chair is a non-salaried position. The Executive Committee conducts the business of the party according to the county party bylaws and Texas Election Laws. It oversees the conduct of the primary elections, establishes general policy, conducts fund-raising activities, fills Precinct Chair vacancies, promotes the party’s nominees in the general election, coordinates precinct activities and mobilizes voter turnout on behalf of the party’s candidates.
The third level in the framework of the party organization is the District Executive Committee, established for each district from which an official of the federal or state government (U. S. Congress, State Judicial, State Senate, State House of Representatives, etc.) is elected. The District Committee for a District wholly situated within a county consists of the County Executive Committee; for a District comprising only part of a county, the Committee consists of the Precinct Chairs of the county’s election precincts in the District; and for a District situated in more than one county, the Committee consists of the County Chair of each county wholly situated in the District and a Precinct Chair from each county that is only partly situated in the District, elected by and from among the Precinct Chairs of the election precincts in that part of the county. The Chair of the State Senatorial District Committee also serves as the Temporary Chair for the biennial Senatorial District Convention. The District Committee’s primary responsibilities are filling vacancies in a nomination or making nominations for an unexpired term in a district office, usually created by withdrawal of a candidate or death of a nominee.
The fourth and highest level in the framework of the party organization is the State Executive Committee, composed of sixty-four members (64) – one man and one woman from each of the state’s thirty-one (31) Senatorial Districts, a Chair and a Vice-Chair. The members representing the State Senatorial Districts are elected by the biennial state convention delegates from their respective Districts and the Chair and Vice-Chair are elected by a majority of all the convention delegates. If the Chair is a woman, the Vice-Chair must be a man, and visa versa. The State Executive Committee conducts the business of the state party organization. It is responsible for establishing party rules, conduct of the statewide primary elections and the state convention, fund-raising, candidate recruitment, promoting party nominees, voter turnout activities, political organization and maintenance of cooperative relations with the national party committee.
* Constituted according to Texas Election Laws